It is the largest district of Kerala and about 95 per cent of it consists of forests. The district’s name is derived from the Malayalam word ‘Idukku’ meaning ‘narrow gorge’. It is most known for its stretch of the Western Ghats. This land-locked district has many hill stations. Munnar and Thekkady are the two most famous ones. It has a huge number of tribals. Some major communities are Malayarayan, Melavedan, Mannan, Muthuvan, Paliyan, Urali and Malampandaram.


Idukki is bound by Kottayam and Pathanamthitta districts on the south, Thrissur and Coimbatore district (Tamil Nadu) on the north, Madurai, Ramnad and Tirunelveli districts (Tamil Nadu) on the east and Ernakulam on the west. It is a fairly new state as it was formed in 1972. Three taluks of Kottayam and Thodupuzha of Ernakulam district formed it.


About 50 per cent of Idukki is covered by forests. Wildlife reserves and forests are plenty, too. It is also known for its spices, tea and rubber plantations. The wildlife sanctuaries and reserves are visited by a lot of international and domestic tourists. Places like Munnar, Kumily, Thekkady and Vagamon are thronged by tourists all year round. Trekking, boating, jungle safaris and other activities have come up in a big way. There’s also scope for paragliding and parachuting at some of the hill stations.


You can find Tamil minorities here as the area is very close to Tamil Nadu. Some of them are workers in plantations while a few families settled in the towns have taken up tourism-related activities.


Due to the large number of tribals, this place is known for a variety of festivals and fairs. One of the most celebrated and visited is the Adimali Fest. It is held in the last week of December annually. Not all hill stations are famous ones. Some of them are tucked away in the hills, inviting only those who ardently love to trek and explore.


The district is accessible only through roads. Buses from Cochin, Kottayam and other cities are plenty. Taxis, too, are hired a lot to reach this place.


Rivers of Idukki
The tributaries of the three major rivers of Periyar, Thalayar and Thodupuzhayar irrigate the land. The sacred Pamba River originates in this district. More than 60 per cent of the state’s power is generated in Idukki. Some of the hydroelectric power plants have been working for more than a century! It also has Asia’s highest arc dam.



Alappuzha | Ernakulam | Idukki | Kannur | Kasaragod | Kollam | Kottayam Kozhikode | Malappuram | Palakkad | Pathanamthitta | Thiruvananthapuram Thrissur | Wayanad


Top Tourist Destinations

Fort Cochin | Thiruvananthapuram | Kovalam Beach | Munnar | Alappuzha
Thekkady | Kumarakom | Varkala | Silent Valley National Park | Athirappilly