This district has a long and rich cultural heritage. The remarkable landscape has lush green forests and enchanting rivers which add to the beauty of this place. The Palakkad Gap is a 40-km breach in the Western Ghats. It is a gateway to Kerala. Palakkad is one of the least spoilt places in the state. Tourism is fast catching up, though.
This area was known as Palakkattusseri. Palakkadu came from Paalainilam, which means dry area.The Malampuzha and the Siruvani are the two main dams situated here. The Malampuzha dam is visited by lots of people throughout the year. It is a special location for school students and youngsters. Trekkers, too, will find this place interesting.
Those regions with tribal population can be visited by tourists. Eco-lodges and homestays are great options to stay. It is one of the few places in Kerala where you can find extensive rice farming.
Palakkad is also for its hills. The Sahya Ranges border the region. Many rivers that flow into Bharathapuzha originate from these mountains. Palakkad has one of the largest mountain passes in the world, at 30-40km. It separates the two folds of the Western Ghats’ Kerala’s border with Tamil Nadu.
Palakkad is easily reachable from Cochin, Trivandrum and other major cities. There are buses, trains and sometimes special trains, too, during seasons. The nearest airport is in Coimbatore, an hour away. Cochin is about four hours away.
Rivers of Palakkad
Bharathappuzha and its tributaries flow through almost the entire district. Its source is in the Anamalai hills. This river flows through Palakkad, Malappuram and Thrissur. It empties into the Arabian Sea at Ponnani in Malapuram. Gayatripuzha, Kannadipuzha, Kalpathypuzha and Thuthapuzha are the main tributaries. Gayatripuzha joins Bharathappuzha at Mayannur. This tributary has five main sub-tributaries. They are Managalam river, Ayalurpuzha, Vandazhipuzha, Meenkara puzha and Chulliyar.
Kannadipuzha is also called Chitturpuzha or Amaravathipuzha. Palar, Aliyar and Uppar streams combine to form this river. Kalpathypuzha starts from Chenthamarakulam, north of Walayar. This is also known as Korayar. Kalpathypuzha is formed by four streams-Korayar, Varattar, Walayar and Malapuzha.
Thuthapuzha, otherwise known as Pilanthol River, starts from the Silent Valley and joins the main river about two km off Pallippuram railway station. and Thuppanadipuzha.
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