The capital of Kerala, Trivandrum, is a beautiful coastal city built on seven hills. Thiruvananthapuram means the ‘city of Anantha’ or the ‘abode of the sacred serpent Anantha’, on which Lord Vishnu, the preserver of the Hindu trinity reclines. It used to be part of the erstwhile Travancore kingdom. Its capital was at Padmanabhapuram. The district came into being in 1956.

This beautiful city is situated on the southern tip of the Malabar Coast. The district has a coastline of 78km and covers an area of just over 2, Trivandrum is famous for Kovalam beach, many historic monuments spread across the district, lakes, wildlife sanctuaries, backwaters and a portion of the Western Ghats.

Trivandrum can be divided into three-highlands, midlands and lowlands. Agastyarkoodam, the southern most peak in the Ghats, is 1869 meters above sea level is the largest peak in the district.

The climate is pleasant and mild all the year along though the June - November months are quite wet. The March-May months are the hottest. Average temperature ranges from 28-33 in summer and 27-30 in other seasons.

Traditional food is dominated by rice and related dishes. Coconut, spices etc form an integral part of the food. Fish, meat, vegetables are abundantly available.

The trivandrum district was formed in July 1, 1949.

The Ays were the leading political power till the beginning of the 10th century A.D. The disappearance of the Ays, synchronised with the emergence of the rulers of Venad. In 1684, during the regency of Umayamma Rani, the English East India Company obtained a sandy piece of land at Anchuthengu (Anjengo) on the sea coast, about 32 kms north of Thiruvananthapuram city, for erecting a factory and fortifying it. The place had earlier been frequented by the Portuguese and later by the Dutch. It was from here that the English gradually extended their domain to other parts of Thiruvithamcore anglicised as Travancore.


Modern history begins with Maharaja Marthanda Varma who reigned from 1729 to 1758 A.D and is generally regarded as the Father of modern Travancore. Thiruvananthapuram was known as a great centre of intellectual and artistic activity in those days. The accession of Maharaja Swathi Thirunal who reigned from 1829 to 1847 A.D., ushered in an epoch of cultural progress and economic prosperity. The beginning of English education was marked in 1834 by the opening of an English school at Thiruvananthapuram. An observatory and a charity hospital were also established here in 1836.


During the reign of Maharaja Ayilyam Thirunal (1860-1880), a fulfledged Arts College was started here besides the several English, Malayalam and Tamil schools, all over the State. A large hospital with lying-in-facility and a lunatic asylum were also established in Thir u¬vananthapuram. The University College was started in 1873. It was during the reign of Sri. Moolam Thirunal (1885¬1924), that the Sanskrit College, Ayur veda College, Law College and a second grade College for Women were started here. A department for the preservation and publication of oriental manuscripts was also established.


One of the significant aspects associated with Maharaja Sree Moolam Thirunal’s reign was the inauguration of the Legislative Council in 1888. This was the first legislative chamber, instituted in an Indian State. The Sri. Moolam Assembly came into being in 1904.



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